E.J.Wilkins

11 Jul 2007 2,195 views
 
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photoblog image The Hospital of St Cross, Winchester

The Hospital of St Cross, Winchester


The Hospital of St Cross and Almshouse of Noble Poverty is at Winchester – here –
…..

Tradition says that Henry of Blois, grandson of William of Normandy, met a starving peasant girl in the fields close to the River Itchen about a mile from the centre of Winchester. She begged him to help the people of the town who were suffering as a result of civil conflict.**

As Bishop of Winchester he founded the Hospital, an Almshouse, around 1136. It was built on what may have been the site of an older Christian establishment that had been pillaged by the Danes.

The Charter of Foundation includes the following statement:-

"Thirteen men, feeble and so reduced in strength that they can scarcely, or not at all, support themselves without other aid, shall remain in the same Hospital constantly: to whom necessary clothing, provided by the Prior of the establishment, shall be given, and beds fit for their infirmities:
and daily a good loaf of wheaten bread of the weight of five measures,
three dishes at dinner, and one for supper, and drink of sufficient quantity...

And besides those thirteen poor men, one hundred other poor persons, as deserving as can be found and more indigent, shall be received at the hour of dinner..."

In 1137 the management of the Hospital was given over to the care of the Knights of St John of Jerusalem. The black robes of the original thirteen men bear the Jerusalem Cross on the left chest. Although not monks these men are known as the Black Brothers.

When Cardinal Henry Beaufort succeeded Wykeham as Bishop of Winchester in 1446 he added a new foundation called "The Brethren of Noble Poverty" which was intended to benefit

" … those who had fallen upon evil days after a life of ease and comfort …"

These Brothers wear red robes, with a gold cross on the left chest and a red trencher hat. Today they are known as the Red Brothers.
…..

The stone built accommodation, with octagonal chimneys, was built in the fifteenth century, about 1455. Each entrance door leads to a set of four flats (apartments) comprising a living room, a kitchen and a bathroom with a separate w.c. To the rear of the building is an enclosed garden area where the residents may have their own garden if they wish.

Information about becoming a brother is - here -
…..

** The conflict was between King Steven and his cousin Empress Matilda who both claimed the throne, despite there having been an oath taken that it should go to Matilda.

Here is an overview of the Norman Monarchs http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page17.asp
…..


St Cross is a charitable institution; it is non-secular, the residents are lay-people drawn from the community. It receives no support from central government, and depends entirely on day to day donations. If you would like to offer financial support please look here  http://www.stcross.f2s.com/howhelp.htm for more information.

.....
If you would like to see more of my pictures of St Cross please look - here -
If you like what you see, perhaps you would like to donate to the charity. Every penny helps.
.....

.

The Hospital of St Cross, Winchester


The Hospital of St Cross and Almshouse of Noble Poverty is at Winchester – here –
…..

Tradition says that Henry of Blois, grandson of William of Normandy, met a starving peasant girl in the fields close to the River Itchen about a mile from the centre of Winchester. She begged him to help the people of the town who were suffering as a result of civil conflict.**

As Bishop of Winchester he founded the Hospital, an Almshouse, around 1136. It was built on what may have been the site of an older Christian establishment that had been pillaged by the Danes.

The Charter of Foundation includes the following statement:-

"Thirteen men, feeble and so reduced in strength that they can scarcely, or not at all, support themselves without other aid, shall remain in the same Hospital constantly: to whom necessary clothing, provided by the Prior of the establishment, shall be given, and beds fit for their infirmities:
and daily a good loaf of wheaten bread of the weight of five measures,
three dishes at dinner, and one for supper, and drink of sufficient quantity...

And besides those thirteen poor men, one hundred other poor persons, as deserving as can be found and more indigent, shall be received at the hour of dinner..."

In 1137 the management of the Hospital was given over to the care of the Knights of St John of Jerusalem. The black robes of the original thirteen men bear the Jerusalem Cross on the left chest. Although not monks these men are known as the Black Brothers.

When Cardinal Henry Beaufort succeeded Wykeham as Bishop of Winchester in 1446 he added a new foundation called "The Brethren of Noble Poverty" which was intended to benefit

" … those who had fallen upon evil days after a life of ease and comfort …"

These Brothers wear red robes, with a gold cross on the left chest and a red trencher hat. Today they are known as the Red Brothers.
…..

The stone built accommodation, with octagonal chimneys, was built in the fifteenth century, about 1455. Each entrance door leads to a set of four flats (apartments) comprising a living room, a kitchen and a bathroom with a separate w.c. To the rear of the building is an enclosed garden area where the residents may have their own garden if they wish.

Information about becoming a brother is - here -
…..

** The conflict was between King Steven and his cousin Empress Matilda who both claimed the throne, despite there having been an oath taken that it should go to Matilda.

Here is an overview of the Norman Monarchs http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page17.asp
…..


St Cross is a charitable institution; it is non-secular, the residents are lay-people drawn from the community. It receives no support from central government, and depends entirely on day to day donations. If you would like to offer financial support please look here  http://www.stcross.f2s.com/howhelp.htm for more information.

.....
If you would like to see more of my pictures of St Cross please look - here -
If you like what you see, perhaps you would like to donate to the charity. Every penny helps.
.....

.

comments (17)

That's a lot of chimneys! :0
  • Kay
  • 11 Jul 2007, 03:36
What a wonderful piece of artwork. It must be incredible inside. Love this picture, Ellie!
  • Ray
  • Thailand
  • 11 Jul 2007, 04:18
It's a wonderful old structure, and you have captured and presented it superbly, Ellie.
Too much chimney smile Mary Poppins is going to be lost !!
Reading your comment, I wonder if this kind of foundation wouldn't be useful nowaday ? Time changes but not so much...
  • Ginnie
  • Atlanta, GA, United States
  • 11 Jul 2007, 08:37
What incredible stone work, Ellie. I do like the story behind this place. I especially like the part about the food and what was to be expected for their sustenance. It's very powerful.
  • Jimbo
  • 11 Jul 2007, 09:51
Hi Ellie. I'm playing catch-up after a bit of a commenting absence due to all sorts of pressure. I've worked from old to new in other cases, but I'm beginning with the most recent in your case for a change. It's good to be back and working my way through your wonderful stuff.

As usual, your posts are so much a matter of words and image taken together that it's impossible not to become immersed in the total experience. This is an excellent example. Your commentary is inspiring, and your image is fascinating. Of course, it's that extraordinary row of amazing chimneys which steals the show. Beautiful detail in the stonework, too.
  • Louis
  • South Africa
  • 11 Jul 2007, 10:48
Excellent picture of the stonework detail and the marching chimneys. Great composition as well.

Opportunistic capture of the patch of blue sky smile
great angle and perspective.
That's a whole lot of chimneys!
I like the way you have balanced this photograph, and really made the chimneys work for you. (:o)
Love the chimneys smile
very interesting story this picture tells then, and what a excellent and well documented and hyperlinked text you wrote here!! Very intersting!!!!!
Great picture Ellie, really like your composition.
Ellie, this is the first time I come across such a building of this design. It is very unique. Thank you for sharing this picture with us.
Nice lineup
  • chunter
  • Salisbury, Wiltshire. UK.
  • 13 Jul 2007, 15:12
That was a fascinating history and a beautifully composed and balanced photo. Top class Ellie.
History is fascinating, but the photography that you have done is really pretty. The perfect frame! smile

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